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Euclid

Biography and Works:Euclid
Euclid, fl. 300 BC, also known as Euclid of Alexandria, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "Father of Geometry." He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I (323–283 BC). His Elements is one of the most influential works in the history of mathematics, serving as the main textbook for teaching mathematics

(especially geometry) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century.

In it, the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry were deduced from a small set of axioms. Euclid also wrote works on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory and rigor.
"Euclid" is the anglicized version of the Greek name Εὐκλείδης — Eukleídēs, meaning "Good Glory".
Life
Little is known about Euclid's life, as there are only a handful of references to him. In fact, the key references to Euclid were written centuries after he lived, by Proclus and Pappus of Alexandria. Proclus introduces Euclid only briefly in his Commentary on the Elements, written in the fifth century, where he writes that Euclid was the author of the Elements, that he was mentioned by Archimedes, and that when Ptolemy the First asked Euclid if there was no shorter road to geometry than the Elements, he replied, "there is no royal road to geometry." Although the purported citation of Euclid by Archimedes has been judged to be an interpolation by later editors of his works, it is still believed that Euclid wrote his works before those of Archimedes. In addition, the "royal road" anecdote is questionable since it is similar to a story told about Menaechmus and Alexander the Great. In the only other key reference to Euclid, Pappus briefly mentioned in the fourth century that Apollonius "spent a very long time with the pupils of Euclid at Alexandria, and it was thus that he acquired such a scientific habit of thought." It is further believed that Euclid may have studied at Plato's Academy in Greece.
The date and place of Euclid's birth and the date and circumstances of his death are unknown, and only roughly estimated in proximity to contemporary figures mentioned in references. No likeness or description of Euclid's physical appearance made during his lifetime survived antiquity. Therefore, Euclid's depiction in works of art is the product of the artist's imagination.

Labels:
•    Type→ Basic Science
•    Theories→ Euclid's Elements
•    Date → 365 – 275 BC

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