Home Theorists Theorists of the World Jean-Baptiste la Marck

Jean-Baptiste la Marck

Biography and Works:lamark
Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de la Marck (1 August 1744, Bazentin, Somme – 18 December 1829), often just known as "Lamarck", was a French soldier, naturalist, academic and an early proponent of the idea that evolution occurred and proceeded in accordance with natural laws.


Lamarck fought in the Pomeranian War with Prussia, and was awarded a commission for bravery on the battlefield. At his post in Monaco, Lamarck became interested in natural history and resolved to study medicine. He retired from the army after being injured in 1766, and he returned to his medical studies.
Lamarck developed a particular interest in botany, and later, after he published a three-volume work Flora française, he gained membership of the French Academy of Sciences in 1779. Lamarck became involved in the Jardin des Plantes and was appointed to the Chair of Botany in 1788. When the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle was founded in 1793, Lamarck was appointed as a professor of zoology. In 1801, he published Système des animaux sans vertèbres, a major work on the classifications of invertebrates, a term he invented. In an 1802 publication, he became one of the first to use the term biology in its modern sense. Lamarck continued his work as a premier authority on invertebrate zoology.
In the modern era, Lamarck is remembered primarily for a theory of inheritance of acquired characters, called soft inheritance or Lamarckism. However, his idea of soft inheritance was, perhaps, a reflection of the folk wisdom of the time, accepted by many natural historians. Lamarck's contribution to evolutionary theory consisted of the first truly cohesive theory of evolution, in which an alchemical complexifying force drove organisms up a ladder of complexity, and a second environmental force adapted them to local environments through use and disuse of characteristics, differentiating them from other organisms
Related Pictures:

Links:
Labels:
•    Type→ Basic Science
•    Theories→ Idea of Evolution
•    Date → 1744 - 1829

انتشار این مطلب در:

Submit to DeliciousSubmit to DiggSubmit to FacebookSubmit to Google BookmarksSubmit to StumbleuponSubmit to TechnoratiSubmit to TwitterSubmit to LinkedIn

Member login


Online visitor

We have 113 guests and 5 members online


Last Articles

the-mental-body-and-mind
A collection of statements by the...
the-chakras
A collection of statements by the...
etheric-vehicle
Summary: A collection of statements by the...

Last Subjects

science-explains-why-your-mom-calls-you-by-your-brother-s-name
The next time your mom calls you by your...
why-do-people-risk-their-lives-for-the-perfect-selfie
In February, Argentinian tourists passed...
risky-behavior-is-contagious
Countless parents have asked, "If your...

Please install plugin JVCounter!